In the bowl of your stand mixer (or if you don't have one in a bowl) combine flour and salt. Mix.
In another small bowl mix water, oil and vinegar. Add water and oil mixture and mix with the (hand)mixer on low speed, dough hook attached. Mix until you get a soft dough, if it is to rough add a little more water.
Knead for about 10 minutes until the dough is smooth. If you are kneading by hand, knead approximately 20 minutes.
Remove the dough from the bowl and continue to knead for 2 more minutes. Pick up and throw down hard on the counter a few times during the kneading process.
Shape the dough into a ball and lightly cover with oil. Wrap tightly in plastic wrap and let rest for 30-90 minutes, longer is best.
Remove all rings and jewellery on your hands so it doesn't snag the dough.
Unwrap your dough and cut off a chunk slightly larger than a golf ball. While you are rolling make sure the other dough is covered so it doesn't dry our.
Be sure to flour your hands, rolling pin and counter. As you roll you will need to add flour. You can't over-flour. Roll out the dough a bit to flatten it out. Wrap the dough around your rolling pin / dowel.
Roll back and forth quickly wit the dough remaining on the dowel. Remove see how much bigger it is.
Rotate and repeat until it is as thin as you can it. Don't worry if you get rips. If you have one perfect one for the top you will never notice. When you get it as thin as you can with the rolling pin, carefully pick it up with the pin and stretch it on the backs of your hands as you would a pizza dough, just helps making it that much thinner. Roll out your dough until it is transparent. Note: you will not get a phyllo dough as thin as you can purchase at the store, it is made by machine. Set aside on a well-floured surface.
Repeat the process until your dough is used up.
Between each sheet flour well. you will not need to cover your dough wit a wet cover as you do with boxed dough, it is moist enough that it will not dry out.
When you put your baklava in the oven start making your syrup. |When you combine the syrup with the baklava one of the two should be hot.
Combine all ingredients in a medium pot over medium heat.
Stir occasionally until the sugar is dissolved.
Boil for 10 minutes, stir occasionally.
Once boiled for 10 minutes remove from heat and strain cinnamon stick and lemon, allow to cool as the baklava cooks.
Preheat the oven to moderate 350 degrees Fahrenheit (180 degrees Celsius).
Combine nuts, sugar and spices in a food processor and pulse on high until fine and smooth.
If you don't have a food processor chop with a sharp knife as fine as you can. Set aside.
Trim your phyllo sheets to fit in your pan.
Brush bottom of pan with butter and place first phyllo sheet.
Brush the first phyllo sheet with butter and repeat 5 times. Sprinkle ⅓ of the nut mixture on top. Continue layering phyllo and buttering repeating 3 times.
Sprinkle ⅓ of the nut mixture on top. Continue layering phyllo and buttering repeating 4 times and sprinkle ⅓ of the nut mixture on top.
Continue layering and buttering phyllo 5 more times. When you have applied the top layer tuck in all the edges to give a nice appearance.
With a sharp knife cut your baklava in desired shapes and number of pieces.
Brush with a generous layer of butter, making sure to cover every area and edge.
Bake for approximately 30 minutes, remove from oven and cut again this time all the way through.
Continue baking for another 30 minutes, until the top is golden brown.
Remove from the oven and pour the cooled syrup evenly over the top, taking care to cover all surfaces when pouring. It seems like a lot but over night the syrup will soak into the baklava creating a beautifully sweet and wonderfully textured baklava.
Let it stand over night until next morning and all syrup is absorbed. Allow to cool to room temperature. Serve.